The Conboy Carriage Company

By Derek Boles, originally published July 7, 2009

Recent discovery sheds light on Don Station

Recently, Riverdale Historical Society President Gerald Whyte advised me that there was an interesting item in an old magazine in the Baldwin Room at the Toronto Reference Library. It was a 1906 ad in a glossy magazine supplement to the Mail & Empire newspaper, which later merged with the Globe.

The ad is for the Conboy Carriage Company and features an engraving depicting a southbound Canadian Pacific passenger train departing from the Don Station for Union Station. Since the Toronto Railway Heritage Centre is currently restoring the Don Station following its move to Roundhouse Park, this ad was of great interest.

From “Toronto the Prosperous. 1872-1906, Special number of the Mail & Empire, 1906, p176

The train and station are only foreground detail for the main subject of the ad, which is, of course, the Conboy Carriage factory. Typical of advertising in that era, the perspective is greatly exaggerated; modest factory buildings were often transformed into vast industrial complexes. The people standing in front of the building are evidently taller than the locomotive in the foreground.

The Conboy Co. and the Don Station in 1910 after the station was moved 100 feet to the south to permit construction of the new Queen Street bridge.

The Conboy Company made the transition from the horse and carriage era to the automotive era since they built composite bodies on Hudson and Rolls-Royce chassis. In the early years of the automotive industry, the purchasers of upscale automobiles often arranged to have the car bodies custom built for them by local firms. Conboy also built the first production bodies for McLaughlin-Buicks on the introduction of that car in Canada. The company evidently did not survive World War I, which curtailed automotive manufacturing in favour of the production of military materiel and vehicles. By early 1916, the building was described as an “unused factory.” By the time the war was over, car companies had become much larger and automotive assembly lines handled the complete manufacturing process for their products.

The front of the Conboy building was gutted in 1931 and a new faintly Chicago-style facade was built facing the river. In the 1950s, the Don Valley Parkway was built between the factory and the river.

The perspective in the ad is looking northeast with Queen Street on the left crossing over the Don River. In 1911 a new higher level bridge was built to eliminate the level crossing and carry Queen St. over the river. There was a railway track running along the east side of the Don River although I can find no evidence that there was a siding for the Conboy Company on the south side of the building.

The CPR passenger train is being hauled by a 4-6-0, a typical express passenger engine in 1906 that would in a few years be supplanted by the 4-6-2 Pacific as trains became longer and heavier. Behind the tender is an express car, a combine, a coach and a first class car of some kind, possibly a coach or parlor car.

The Don Station site in 2009 from the Queen Street bridge. The station occupied centre view. The Conboy building is left of centre across the Don River.

The Don Station was actually closer to Queen Street than depicted here. It was moved to about where it’s located in the ad in 1910 when the new bridge was built. Trundling along Queen Street can be seen a streetcar of the Toronto Railway Company, although the route names were not emblazoned on the sides. The King and Queen carlines merged just west of the Don River, as they still do today.

The Don Station at Todmorden in 2005.

The Don Station was closed in 1967, moved to Todmorden in 1969 and from there to Roundhouse Park in 2008. The station will be one of the centrepieces at the Toronto Railway Heritage Centre.

 

The station at Roundhouse Park alongside the “main line” of the Toronto Railway Heritage Centre that stretches from the turntable to Lower Simcoe Street.

The rebuilding of the station begins in June 2009.

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